(BPH) Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

What is the Prostate?


The prostate is a gland in the male genital-urinary tract. The main function of the prostate is to produce fluid that transports sperm during ejaculation. The prostate is located below the bladder and surrounds the urethra. The urethra is the tube that carries urine from the bladder through the penis. Another name for the urethra is the urinary channel.

What is BPH (Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia)?


BPH is a non-cancerous (benign) enlargement of the prostate gland that causes progressive difficulty with urination. The enlargement process begins during age 30-40, but typically develops so slowly that manifestations of the condition do not begin to cause problems until men reach age 60 or older.


What are the most common symptoms of BPH?


BPH is generally characterized by bothersome urinary symptoms that can include:


  • Slow and intermittent urinary stream with dribbling

  • Difficulty starting to urinate

  • Awakening at night to void

  • Sensation of incomplete emptying of the bladder

  • Urgency

  • Complete inability to void (urinary retention)


How is BPH treated?


Many treatments have been proposed for BPH. There are advantages and disadvantages to each. Discuss treatment options with your urologists or one of our Affiliated Urologists.


Treatment options include:

  • Medical therapy (medications or watchful waiting)

  • ThermoTherapy (TUMT)

  • Surgical removal including transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP)

  • Laser surgery to vaporize or resect the enlarged prostate

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